Last Updated on March 18, 2022 by Marco
Doxies come in various colors, coats, and sizes, usually categorized as sub-breeds or types. So, what are the 26 different breeds of dachshunds, and what distinguishes them from one another? Are some rarer than others? Are any of their differences significant in any way other than appearance? Let’s find out below.
What Are The Different Breeds Of Dachshunds?
Technically, there are no different “breeds” of dachshunds. Doxies are all one breed, that’s what being a dachshund is. However, they are distinguished in several different types or “sub-breed” categories based on their size and coat type. People also often cite certain colors of dachshunds as different types which can feel silly as it’s just a different hair color, not a whole other type of dog. Still, let’s mention the different Doxie colors too.
3 Different Breeds Of Dachshunds Based On Size
The three main sizes distinctions in dachshunds are standard, miniature, and toy. Some people also call the latter teacup or rabbit/kaninchen (the German word for rabbit).
Standard dachshunds are the ones usually weighing between 16 and 30 pounds. Miniature dachshunds are dogs weighing between 8 and 11 pounds. Anything below that is a toy, teacup, or rabbit dachshund. It should be said that most kennel clubs don’t really recognize these varieties, however.
3 Different Breeds Of Dachshunds Based On Coat Types
There are three sub-types of dachshunds based on the coat – all of them widely recognized. These are smooth (short-haired), long-haired, and wire-haired dachshunds. The differences come from different breeds mixed with dachshunds in the past. For example, long-haired dachshunds are believed to have some spaniel heritage.
Learn more about: Are Long Haired Dachshunds Double Coated Or Single Coated?
For the most part, however, such mixing was done long ago and all three coat sub-types are the same dachshunds, just with different hair.
20 Different Breeds Of Dachshunds Based On Color and Pattern
The widest variety in dachshunds comes in the colors they can come in. We’ve talked about those at length in our article on dachshund colors but suffice it to say that there are lots of Doxie colors out there. Some of them include red, black and tan, blue and tan, cream, piebald, sable, wild boar, and more.
We talked about the 20 dachshund colors that are most widely accepted by kennel clubs but there are even more varieties out there. Dachshunds can come in solid, bi-color, and tri-color types which make dachshunds one of the most diverse breeds in this regard.
Are The Different Breeds Of Dachshunds Notable For Anything Other Than Size and Appearance?
Some would say that there are personality differences between some of the dachshund coat types. This is pretty anecdotal, however. Miniature and standard dachshunds tend to have the same personality as do the different coat colors. Long-haired dachshunds are believed to be somewhat calmer because of their spaniel heritage. Wire-haired dachshunds, on the other hand, are said to be more playful but that’s likely just because they look wilder.
Some also claim that certain dachshunds are more or less predisposed to Intervertebral Disc Disorder (IVDD) but there’s no evidence of that.
All in all, we’d say that it’s important to look at dachshunds as individuals and to just choose the pup you like based on its character.
What is the rarest breed of dachshund?
All three sizes of dachshunds – standard, miniature, and toy/teacup/rabbit – are relatively common. The same goes for their three coat types – smooth, long-haired, and wire-haired. When it comes to dachshund colors and patterns, however, some sub-breeds are definitely rare than others.
Probably the one famous as the most rare, however, is the black dachshund. This tends to catch some people by surprise as black is a fairly common color in bi-color and tri-color dachshund coats. However, Doxies with fully black coats are incredibly rare and expensive.
Other very rare types of dachshunds include the “Wild Boar” wire-haired dachshund, English Cream dachshunds, Chocolate dachshunds, Albino dachshunds, and Double Dapple dachshunds.
What’s the smallest Dachshund?
The absolute smallest type of dachshund is the toy or teacup dachshund. Some also call this sub-breed rabbit or kaninchen which is German for rabbit. There are even those who distinguish between toy, teacup, and kaninchen dachshunds although there just doesn’t seem to be much of a distinction – they are all smaller than the miniature dachshund, i.e. lighter than 8 pounds.
Miniature dachshunds are defined as Doxies weighing between 8 and 11 pounds. Anything below that is toy, teacup, or kaninchen/rabbit, depending on which term you prefer. Although, it ought to be said that most major kennel clubs don’t even recognize these small dogs as purebred dachshunds and only recognize standard and miniature dachshunds. That’s because breeding dogs lighter than 8 pounds is quite difficult and it involves a lot of inbreeding, leading to many health problems.
How many breeds of dachshunds are there?
In terms of size, there are two or three dachshund sub-breeds, depending on who you ask – standard, miniature, and toy (or teacup or rabbit). The latter ones are even smaller than miniature dachshunds which is why a lot of kennel clubs don’t recognize them. Still, such dogs exist so we ought to at least mention them.
As for the coat type, there are also three dachshund sub-breeds, all of them widely recognized – smooth (short-haired), long-haired, and wire-haired. The latter is rarer but can still be found relatively easily.
The widest variety of dachshunds can be found in terms of color and color patterns. Different kennel clubs recognize different dachshund color patterns but most agree on about 20 or so, including red, cream, chocolate, black and tan, blue and tan, piebald, wild boar, sable, dapple, wheaten, and others.
Which dachshund is the calmest?
Standard dachshunds aren’t necessarily calmer than miniature ones even if we’re used to the idea of bigger dogs being calmer. The color also doesn’t seem to matter much.
The only purposed correlation seems to be the coat type. Many claim that wire-haired dachshunds are the most playful and mischievous. On the other hand, long-haired Doxies are said to be calmer, presumably because of the tinge of spaniel heritage in that sub-breed.
Still, if you’re interested in adopting/purchasing a calmer dachshund, we’d recommend looking into each pup as an individual and not so much into their coat type.